Malaysia, a middle-income country, transformed itself from 1971 through the late 1990s from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Growth was almost exclusively driven by exports - particularly of electronic. As an oil and gass exporter, Malaysia har profited from higher world energy prices, although the cost of government subsidies for domestic gasoline and diesel fuel has risen and offset some of the benefit. Healthy foreign exchange reserces, low inflation, and a small external debt are all strengths that make it unlikely that Malaysia will experioence a financial crisis over the near term similar to the one in 1997. The ecomony remains dependen on continued growth in the US, China and Japan - top export destinations and key sources of foreign investment.
GDP (pr. capita) : USD 10400
Labour force: 10.67 million
Unemployment rate: 3.6%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.9%
Agriculture products: Peninsular Malaysia - rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice; sabah - subsistence crops, rubber, timer, coconuts, rice; Sarawak - rubber, pepper, timber.
Peninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing industry, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging, timber processing;
Sabah - logging, petroleum production;
Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging.
Industrial productions growth rate: 4.8%
Oil production: 770,000 bbl/day
Natural gas production: 53.5 billion cu m.
Exports: $ 147.1 billion f.o.b
Exports commodities: electronic equipments, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals.
Imports: $ 118.7 billion f.o.b
Import commodities: Electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals.
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $78.9 billion
Debt - external: $ 56.72 billion (30.june.2005 est. )
Currency code : Ringgit (MYR)
Important facts on Malaysia Economics:
Note: All values are estimated values in 2005.